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    Anesthesiology - Jan 2010

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    Anesthesiology - Jan 2010

    مُساهمة من طرف d-forum في 31/12/09, 06:32 pm


    by: American Society of Anesthesiologists
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    This Month In Anesthesiology
    THIS MONTH IN Anesthesiology

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):9A, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365971.56342.1d

    Anesthesiology CME Program
    Instructions for Obtaining Anesthesiology Continuing Medical Education (CME) Credit

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):A11, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365969.71589.1f

    Editorial Views
    To Our Readers: An Experiment in Education

    Eisenach, James C.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):1-2, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5f88d

    Education: An Essential Leg for Anesthesiology's Four-legged Stool!

    Schwartz, Alan Jay

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):3-5, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c60e4d

    Predicting the Success of an Anesthesiology Trainee: Is There a Method to Our Madness?

    Nagle, Pamela C.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):6-7, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c62f8c

    Simulation Training and Assessment: A More Efficient Method to Develop Expertise than Apprenticeship

    Cooper, Jeffrey B.; Murray, David

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):8-9, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c62a1a

    New Insights about an Old Foe

    Nunnally, Mark E.; Apfelbaum, Jeffrey L.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):10-11, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365962.59021.02

    Perioperative Use of [beta]-Adrenergic Antagonists and Anemia: Known Knowns, Known Unknowns, Unknown Unknowns; and Unknown Knowns

    Weiskopf, Richard B.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):12-15, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5dc18

    Neostigmine: How Much Is Necessary for Patients Who Receive a Nondepolarizing Neuromuscular Blocking Agent?

    Lien, Cynthia A.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):16-18, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5388f

    Anesthesiology Reflections
    PDF Only
    The Final Dental and Surgical Microcosm

    Bause, George S.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):5, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365967.89515.62

    Laennec's 1819 Stethoscope

    Bause, George S.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):18, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365966.81891.4d

    Hales' 1733 Haemastaticks

    Bause, George S.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):65, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365965.04763.66

    King's Oxygen Compound

    Bause, George S.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):219, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365968.71589.56

    Perioperative Medicine
    Effects of Dexmedetomidine and Propofol on Lower Esophageal Sphincter and Gastroesophageal Pressure Gradient in Healthy Volunteers

    Turan, Alparslan; Wo, John; Kasuya, Yusuke; Govinda, Raghavendra; Akça, Ozan; Dalton, Jarrod E.; Sessler, Daniel I.; Rauch, Stefan

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):19-24, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365963.97138.54

    Dexmedetomidine and propofol were found to have similar effects on lower esophageal sphincter pressure and gastroesophageal pressure gradient in healthy volunteers. Both of the drugs cause some decrease in lower esophageal sphincter pressure at high concentrations.

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    Acute Surgical Anemia Influences the Cardioprotective Effects of [beta]-Blockade: A Single-center, Propensity-matched Cohort Study

    Beattie, W Scott; Wijeysundera, Duminda N.; Karkouti, Keyvan; McCluskey, Stuart; Tait, Gordon; Mitsakakis, Nicholas; Hare, Gregory M. T.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):25-33, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5dd81

    Perioperative β-blocker use reduces cardiac events, but increases stroke and overall mortality. The perioperative period is frequently associated with major blood loss and anemia; therefore, anemia may influence the risk-benefit profile of perioperative β-blocker use. In this retrospective observational study, the effects of anemia and β-blockade on adverse outcomes in propensity score-matched patients were compared. The primary outcome was the composite of myocardial infarction, nonfatal cardiac arrest, and in-hospital mortality (major acute cardiac events [MACE]). MACE occurred in 54 (6.5%) β-blocked patients and in 25 (3.0%) patients who did not receive β-blockers (relative risk 2.38; 95% confidence interval 1.43–3.96; P = 0.0009). Patients most at risk were those whose nadir hemoglobin was greater than 35% below the baseline value.

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    Antagonism of Low Degrees of Atracurium-induced Neuromuscular Blockade: Dose-Effect Relationship for Neostigmine

    Fuchs-Buder, Thomas; Meistelman, Claude; Alla, François; Grandjean, Arnaud; Wuthrich, Yann; Donati, François

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):34-40, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c53863

    Reduced doses (10–30 μg/kg) of neostigmine are effective in antagonizing shallow atracurium block (train-of-four ratio, 0.4–0.6). For successful reversal within 10 min, as little as 20 μg/kg neostigmine is sufficient.

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    Predicting the Unpredictable: A New Prediction Model for Operating Room Times Using Individual Characteristics and the Surgeon's Estimate

    Eijkemans, Marinus J. C.; van Houdenhoven, Mark; Nguyen, Tien; Boersma, Eric; Steyerberg, Ewout W.; Kazemier, Geert

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):41-49, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c294c2

    Characteristics of operative session, the team, the patient, and the surgeon's estimate predict the length of operative sessions and can readily be used in day-to-day planning of operating room capacity for a general surgery department.

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    Cerebral Blood Flow, Blood Volume, and Mean Transit Time Responses to Propofol and Indomethacin in Peritumor and Contralateral Brain Regions: Perioperative Perfusion-weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients with Brain Tumors

    Rasmussen, Mads; Juul, Niels; Christensen, Søren M.; Jónsdóttir, Kristjana Y.; Gyldensted, Carsten; Vestergaard-Poulsen, Peter; Cold, Georg E.; Østergaard, Leif

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):50-56, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c38bd3

    Propofol and indomethacin are not associated with different perfusion in the peritumoral and contralateral brain regions in patients with cerebral tumors

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    Effects of Prone and Reverse Trendelenburg Positioning on Ocular Parameters

    Grant, Geordie P.; Szirth, Bernard C.; Bennett, Henry L.; Huang, Sophia S.; Thaker, Rajesh S.; Heary, Robert F.; Turbin, Roger E.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):57-65, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c294e1

    Prolonged prone positioning increases intraocular pressure, choroid layer thickness, and optic nerve diameter independent of anesthetics and intravenous fluid infusion. A small degree of reverse Trendelenburg may not be useful in attenuating these effects for over 5 h.

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    Improving Efficiency and Patient Satisfaction in a Tertiary Teaching Hospital Preoperative Clinic

    Harnett, Miriam J. P.; Correll, Darin J.; Hurwitz, Shelley; Bader, Angela M.; Hepner, David L.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):66-72, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c617cb

    By instituting operational changes in our Center for Preoperative Evaluation, waiting time was reduced, and patient satisfaction was improved with a minimal impact on cost per visit.

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    Isoflurane Postconditioning Protects against Reperfusion Injury by Preventing Mitochondrial Permeability Transition by an Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase-dependent Mechanism

    Ge, Zhi-Dong; Pravdic, Danijel; Bienengraeber, Martin; Pratt, Phillip F. Jr; Auchampach, John A.; Gross, Garrett J.; Kersten, Judy R.; Warltier, David C.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):73-85, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c4a607

    Isoflurane postconditioning protects mouse hearts from reperfusion injury by preventing mitochondrial permeability transition in an endothelial nitric oxide synthase–dependent manner. Nitric oxide functions as both a trigger and a mediator of cardioprotection produced by isoflurane postconditioning.

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    No Association between Intraoperative Hypothermia or Supplemental Protective Drug and Neurologic Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Temporary Clipping during Cerebral Aneurysm Surgery: Findings from the Intraoperative Hypothermia for Aneurysm Surgery Trial

    Hindman, Bradley J.; Bayman, Emine O.; Pfisterer, Wolfgang K.; Torner, James C.; Todd, Michael M.; on behalf of the IHAST Investigators

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):86-101, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5e28f

    In 441 patients undergoing temporary clipping during cerebral aneurysm surgery, neither intraoperative hypothermia nor supplemental protective drug had any clinically demonstrable effect on short- or long-term neurologic outcomes.

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    Surgery as a Teachable Moment for Smoking Cessation

    Shi, Yu; Warner, David O.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):102-107, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c61cf9

    Surgery is a significant independent factor associated with smoking cessation in older Americans and thus serves as a “teachable moment.” Approximately 1 in 10 of all successful quit attempts in this population are associated with surgery.

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    Propofol Depresses Angiotensin II-induced Cell Proliferation in Rat Cardiac Fibroblasts

    Cheng, Tzu-Hurng; Leung, Yuk-Man; Cheung, Chi-Wai; Chen, Cheng-Hsien; Chen, Yen-Ling; Wong, Kar-Lok

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):108-118, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365960.74268.21

    Propofol prevents cardiac fibroblast proliferation by interfering with the generation of reactive oxygen species and involves the activation of the Akt–endothelial nitric oxide synthase–nitric oxide pathway.

    Critical Care Medicine
    Fluid Resuscitation Does Not Improve Renal Oxygenation during Hemorrhagic Shock in Rats

    Legrand, Matthieu; Mik, Egbert G.; Balestra, Gianmarco M.; Lutter, Rene; Pirracchio, Romain; Payen, Didier; Ince, Can

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):119-127, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c4a5e2

    The fluid resuscitation strategy for hemorrhagic shock remains controversial. The kidney is prone to hypoxia during shock. The authors show that fluid resuscitation does not result in improvement of renal oxygenation during hemorrhagic shock in rats.

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    Perioperative Intravenous Amiodarone Does Not Reduce the Burden of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Valvular Surgery

    Beaulieu, Yanick; Denault, André Y.; Couture, Pierre; Roy, Denis; Talajic, Mario; O'Meara, Eileen; Carrier, Michel; Pagé, Pierre; Levesque, Sylvie; Lambert, Jean; Tardif, Jean-Claude

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):128-137, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c61b28

    Patients undergoing valvular surgery were randomly assigned to intravenous amiodarone for 48 h starting intraoperatively or placebo in the prevention of postoperative atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation occurred more frequently in the amiodarone group (P = 0.035).

    Pain Medicine
    Bupivacaine Inhibits Glutamatergic Transmission in Spinal Dorsal Horn Neurons

    Furutani, Kenta; Ikoma, Miho; Ishii, Hideaki; Baba, Hiroshi; Kohno, Tatsuro

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):138-143, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365964.97138.9a

    Bupivacaine inhibited N-methyl-d-aspartate–induced currents in rat dorsal horn neurons. This inhibitory effect is not likely to block sodium channels.

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    Randomized Study Assessing the Accuracy of Cervical Facet Joint Nerve (Medial Branch) Blocks Using Different Injectate Volumes

    Cohen, Steven P.; Strassels, Scott A.; Kurihara, Connie; Forsythe, Akara; Buckenmaier, Chester C. III; McLean, Brian; Riedy, Gerard; Seltzer, Sharon

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):144-152, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c38a82

    Reducing the volume for cervical facet nerve blocks from 0.5 to 0.25 ml is likely to increase specificity without affecting sensitivity.

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    Go to Full Text of this Article
    Guarding Pain and Spontaneous Activity of Nociceptors after Skin versus Skin Plus Deep Tissue Incision

    Xu, Jun; Brennan, Timothy J.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):153-164, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c2952e

    Incised deep tissue rather than skin caused guarding behavior and spontaneous activity of nociceptors. Skin and skin plus deep tissue incision caused similar mechanical and heat hyperalgesia.

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    Cerebrospinal Fluid and Spinal Cord Distribution of Hyperbaric Bupivacaine and Baclofen during Slow Intrathecal Infusion in Pigs

    Flack, Sean H.; Bernards, Christopher M.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):165-173, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c38da5

    During slow intrathecal infusions such as those used for chronic intrathecal drug delivery, solution baricity has a significant effect on drug distribution in both cerebrospinal fluid and spinal cord.

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    Blood Pressure, but Not Cerebrospinal Fluid Fentanyl Concentration, Predicts Duration of Labor Analgesia from Spinal Fentanyl

    Nelson, Kenneth E.; Houle, Timothy T.; Eisenach, James C.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):174-180, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c38c0b

    Acute mixing of fentanyl in cerebrospinal fluid after spinal injection, as measured by fentanyl concentration 1 min later, did not predict speed of onset or duration of labor analgesia, whereas preinjection blood pressure did.

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    Sex-specific Mediation of Opioid-induced Hyperalgesia by the Melanocortin-1 Receptor

    Juni, Aaron; Cai, Minying; Stankova, Magda; Waxman, Amanda R.; Arout, Caroline; Klein, Gad; Dahan, Albert; Hruby, Victor J.; Mogil, Jeffrey S.; Kest, Benjamin

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):181-188, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c53849

    Morphine hyperalgesia is sex-dependently mediated by N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors in male mice and by melanocortin-1 receptors in female mice. This sex dependency is absent at a lower morphine infusion dose.

    Education
    Case Scenarios
    Case Scenario: Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Surgical Patients

    Mantz, Jean; Hemmings, Hugh C. Jr; Boddaert, Jacques

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):189-195, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c2d661

    Postoperative delirium is a frequent and serious complication occurring in older surgical patients. The use of diagnostic scales and the identification of risk factors can help to reduce morbidity and mortality in this growing patient subpopulation.

    Education
    Images in Anesthesiology
    Camera Phone as the Medium

    Lichtor, J Lance

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):196, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c2954b

    Education
    Anesthesia Literature Review
    Critical Care Medicine

    Mantz, Jean

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):197-198, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c683c8

    Perioperative Medicine

    Lichtor, J Lance; Antognini, Joseph F.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):198-200, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365972.63966.e7

    Pain Medicine

    Brennan, Timothy J.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):200-201, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365973.02084.17

    Education
    Original Investigations in Education
    Acquisition of Critical Intraoperative Event Management Skills in Novice Anesthesiology Residents by Using High-fidelity Simulation-based Training

    Park, Christine S.; Rochlen, Lauryn R.; Yaghmour, Edward; Higgins, Nicole; Bauchat, Jeanette R.; Wojciechowski, Kyle G.; Sullivan, John T.; McCarthy, Robert J.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):202-211, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c62d43

    Event-specific simulation-based training improved novice anesthesiology residents' competence in the initial management of a critical intraoperative event compared with routine clinical exposure and simulation-based training in an alternate event.

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    Predicting Success on the Certification Examinations of the American Board of Anesthesiology

    McClintock, Joseph C.; Gravlee, Glenn P.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):212-219, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c62e2f

    In-training examination scores and three other factors were found to predict success in completing the American Board of Anesthesiology certification process within 1 yr of graduation from residency training.

    Education
    Clinical Concepts and Commentary
    Improving Postoperative Pain Management: What Are the Unresolved Issues?

    White, Paul F.; Kehlet, Henrik

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):220-225, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c6316e

    Improving pain management has proven to be a major challenge despite the more widespread use of multimodal analgesic regimens. In facilitating the recovery process after surgery, an increased reliance on nonopioid analgesic drugs and procedure-specific analgesic regimens are of critical importance.

    Education
    Review Article
    Incidence, Reversal, and Prevention of Opioid-induced Respiratory Depression

    Dahan, Albert; Aarts, Leon; Smith, Terry W.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):226-238, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c38c25

    Naloxone reversal of opioid-induced respiratory depression is effective although its efficacy depends on many factors including the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (including receptor kinetics) of naloxone and the opioid that requires antagonism. Alternative nonopioid antagonists are discussed.

    Education
    Case Report
    Exertional Rhabdomyolysis and Malignant Hyperthermia in a Patient with Ryanodine Receptor Type 1 Gene, L-type Calcium Channel [alpha]-1 Subunit Gene, and Calsequestrin-1 Gene Polymorphisms

    Capacchione, John F.; Sambuughin, Nyamkhishig; Bina, Saiid; Mulligan, Lisa P.; Lawson, Tamara D.; Muldoon, Sheila M.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):239-244, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c29504

    Correspondence
    Drowning: Lifeguard Rescue and Resuscitation

    Culp, William C. Jr; Brewster, B Chris; Wernicki, Peter

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):245, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c2951b

    Drowning: Lifeguard Rescue and Resuscitation

    Modell, Jerome H.; Layon, A Joseph

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):246, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c3ca9f
    Residual Neuromuscular Blockade and Upper Airway Muscles

    Duvaldestin, Philippe

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):246, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5da8b

    Residual Neuromuscular Blockade and Upper Airway Muscles

    Herbstreit, Frank; Peters, Jürgen; Eikermann, Matthias

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):246-247, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c65f45

    Inhibition of Muscle Acetylcholine Receptors by Nondepolarizing Drugs: Humans Are Not Unique

    Dilger, James P.; Steinbach, Joe Henry

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):247-249, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5dbbc

    Inhibition of Muscle Acetylcholine Receptors by Nondepolarizing Drugs: Humans Are Not Unique

    Fagerlund, Malin Jonsson; Dabrowski, Michael A.; Eriksson, Lars I.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):249-250, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c6611b
    Ultrasound-guided Supraclavicular Block: What Is Intraneural?

    Morfey, Dorothea; Brull, Richard

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):250-251, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5d943
    Ultrasound-guided Supraclavicular Block: What Is Intraneural?

    Bigeleisen, Paul E.; Groen, Gerbrand; Moayeri, Nizar

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):251-252, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c63023
    A Case of Accidental Hypotension Caused by Drug Leakage through the Rubber Piston in a Prefilled Inovan Injection 0.3% Syringe

    Amagasa, Sumio; Igarashi, Ayuko; Sato, Masayoshi; Suzuki, Junichi; Kishi, Takayuki

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):252-254, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365961.51397.b9

    A Case of Accidental Hypotension Caused by Drug Leakage through the Rubber Piston in a Prefilled Inovan Injection 0.3% Syringe

    Pulsford, A Hugh

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):254-255, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5bbb1

    Preoperative Electrocardiograms

    Alexoudis, Apostolos; Spyridonidou, Aliki; Vogiatzaki, Theodosia; Iatrou, Christos

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):255, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c38dc9

    Reviews of Educational Material
    A Practice of Anesthesia for Infants and Children, 4th Edition

    Bielsky, Alan R.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):256-257, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c2d67b

    Raj's Practical Management of Pain, Fourth Edition

    Boyle, Patrick K.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):257-258, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c2d68d

    Civetta, Taylor, and Kirby's Critical Care, 4th Edition

    Jensen, Jeff

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):258-259, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5dbdc

    The Soul of Medicine: Tales From the Bedside

    McGoldrick, Kathryn E.

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):259-260, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5dbee

    Miller's Anesthesia, Volumes 1 and 2, 7th Edition

    Kalra, Praveen

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):260-261, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c5dc06

    Erratum
    Erratum

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):262, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181c8371c

    Announcements
    Announcement and Call for Abstracts

    Anesthesiology. 112(1):263-265, January 2010.

    doi: 10.1097/01.anes.0000365970.79213.9f



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    مُساهمة من طرف d-amer في 31/12/09, 07:52 pm

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    thanks

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    مُساهمة من طرف tariq في 20/07/10, 01:54 am

    thank u

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    بارك الله بكم ودمت لنا وللاطباء جميعا

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